Seizures are uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain that may lead to symptoms that may range from mild loss of attention to violent muscular contractions that can lead to death. Everyone has the potential to have seizures. Some people have them frequently. Seizure disorders vary tremendously. Some people have only an occasional seizure, and other people have daily or more frequent seizures.
If you witness someone with epilepsy having a generalized tonic-clonic seizure, remember that it’s probably not an emergency, although it may look like one.
Keep these first-aid tips in mind:
- Keep other people out of the way.
- Clear hard or sharp objects away from around the person.
- Don’t try to hold the person down, or stop the movements.
- Don’t put anything in the person’s mouth. Contrary to a popular misconception, it is not possible for a person to swallow his tongue during a seizure. However, placing an object in the mouth of a person who is having a seizure may cause the patient harm or injury. The patient may experience a dental injury or you may harm yourself by having your finger bit.
- Prevent injuries.
- Cushion the head.
- Loosen any tight neckwear.
- Turn the person on his or her side after the convulsion ceases. This may help drain any moisture or secretions from the person’s mouth and prevent chocking or aspiration.
- Do not attempt to hold down or restrain the person.
- Observe these items: length of seizure, type of movements, direction of any head or eye turning, amount of time to return to alertness and full consciousness, all this will help the doctor.
Call for Immediate help, if:
Seizures that involve any of these conditions should be dealt as an emergency like Diabetes, Brain infections, Heat exhaustion, Pregnancy, Poisoning, Low blood sugar, High fever, Head injur
Seizures of any kind go on longer than five minutes
Multiple seizures occur in a short period of time
The person stops breathing
A seizure occurred in water
The person hit his or her head during a seizure and becomes difficult to arouse, is vomiting, or complains of blurry vision
It is the first time a seizure occurred
Emergency treatment usually involves IV (or oral medication in some people) medication such as lorazepam, Diazepam; other drugs may also be utilized with this drug type (phenytoin or fosphenytoin). Treatment is needed to begin soon as continual seizures lasting 20-30 min. may result in damage to the brain.