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Emergency First Aid Care For Suspected Case Of Poisoning

Death By Poisoning is on Rise….

Prognosis of Patient Depends on how early the treatment Started….First aid is critical in saving the life of victims 


Poisons are substances that cause injury, illness or death. These events are caused by a chemical activity in the cells 

Poisons can be injected, inhaled or swallowed 

Poisoning should be suspected if a person is sick for unknown reason….Poor ventilation can aggravate Inhalation poisoning 


A poison Can Be:


  •  Drug overdose 
  •  Occupational exposure 
  • Cleaning detergents/paints 
  • Carbon mono oxide gas from furnace, heaters 
  • Insecticides 
  • Certain cosmetics 
  • Certain household plants, animals 
  • Food poisoning (Botulism) 




  • Blue lips 
  • Skin Rashes 
  •  Difficulty in breathing 
  •  Diarrhea 
  •  Vomiting/Nausea
  •  Fever 
  •  Headache
  •   Giddiness/drowsiness 
  •   Double vision 
  •   Abdominal/chest pain 
  •   Palpitations/Irritability 
  •   Loss of appetite/bladder control 
  •   Numbness 
  •   Muscle twitching 
  •   Seizures
  •   Weakness 
  • s  Loss of consciousness 


Call For Immediate help on your Regional Help Centres


What to do while waiting for help:

Take the following actions until help arrives:

  • Swallowed poison. Remove anything remaining in the person’s mouth. If the suspected poison is a household cleaner or other chemical, read the container’s label and follow instructions for accidental poisoning.
  • Poison on the skin. Remove any contaminated clothing using gloves. Rinse the skin for 15 to 20 minutes in a shower or with a hose.
  • Poison in the eye. Gently flush the eye with cool or lukewarm water for 20 minutes or until help arrives.
  •  Inhaled poison: Hold a wet cloth to cover your nose and mouth ….Open all the doors and windows Take deep breaths before you begin the rescue ….Avoid lighting a match 
  • If the person vomits, turn his or her head to the side to prevent choking.
  • Begin CPR if the person shows no signs of life, such as moving, breathing or coughing
  • Have somebody gather pill bottles, packages or containers with labels, and any other information about the poison to send along with the ambulance team.



  • Avoid giving an unconscious victim anything orally 
  • Do not induce vomiting unless told by a medical personnel 
  • Do not give any medication to the victim unless directed by a doctor 
  • Do not neutralize the poison with limejuice/honey


Prevent Poisoning:


  • Store medicines, cleaning detergents, mosquito repellants and paints carefully 
  • Keep all potentially poisonous substances out of children’s reach 
  • Label the poisons in your house 
  • Avoid keeping poisonous plants in or around house 
  • Take care while eating products such as berries, roots or mushrooms
  • Teach children the need to exercise caution 


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