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Thyroid and pregnancy – Here is all you Need to Know

Your Thyroid status can affect your pregnancy outcome. You can avoid the complications very well, if you know your thyroid status beforehand. Its better to get it measured before you conceive.

Here are some conditions related to pregnancy you need to Know:

Too Little Thyroid Hormone

Hypothyroidism during pregnancy can be caused by Hashimoto’s thyroiditis—an autoimmune disorder. But it’s easily and safely treated with a daily pill of thyroid hormone replacement. Thyroid hormone is essential for the normal development of your baby’s brain and nervous system. You’ll need frequent blood tests to be sure your levels are normal, and many women who develop hypothyroidism during pregnancy will still have it after they give birth.

Too Much Thyroid Hormone

Hyperthyroidism during pregnancy can sometimes be dangerous to you and your baby’s health, causing problems such as low birth weight. It can be caused by Graves’ disease (an autoimmune disorder), but that’s not always the case. If you have mild hyperthyroidism, you may not need treatment, but your doctor will monitor your condition throughout the pregnancy. For severe hyperthyroidism, you’ll need to take a low dose of an anti-thyroid medication such as methimazole (Tapazole).

Inflammation of the Thyroid Gland

Do you find yourself wanting to sleep all the time and feeling lethargic, or do you have insomnia, anxiety, heart palpitations, or tremors? You could have postpartum thyroiditis, which usually shows up 1 to 8 months after you give birth. With this condition, you can go through periods where you experience hyperthyroidism and then hypothyroidism. If you notice symptoms of postpartum thyroiditis, schedule an appointment with your doctor.

Keeping You and Your Baby Healthy

No matter what thyroid condition you have, you’ll need to follow up with your doctor frequently to make sure that your thyroid hormones are at normal levels. Your baby’s doctor may also want to monitor his or her thyroid levels in the first few months. In fact, in many states, a thyroid hormone screening (called a heel stick blood draw) is done at birth.

Your thyroid health—as well as your baby’s thyroid health—matters.

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