Incidence Of Road Traffic Accident are on a rise. Mishappenings can happen to Anyone, Anywhere, Anytime
Your Small Help Can Save Someone’s life.
Here are some steps to follow at the Trauma Site, They can really help you
first check yourself for any injuries. Try to assess how well you can move your limbs, and if you experience symptoms such as dizziness etc. Remember you need to be fit enough to help the others.
If other people are injured, first assess the extent of his/ her injuries. For e.g. is he bleeding from the head, neck, arms legs, abdomen back etc.
Try to Help Seriously Injured First:
Treat the quietest person first, they are usually more seriously injured or cannot breathe. People who can talk or scream, on the other hand, can breathe therefore can be treated a little later.
Ask for the patient’s name, if he responds, it means he is able to understand the situation and has most likely not suffered a severe head injury.
Apply Simple Rule of ABC– Airway, Breathing & Circulation:
Look for signs of breathing– Next, check if the person is breathing and if he has a pulse.
Call for help: Immediately call for an ambulance or rush the person to a hospital.
Check for obstructions in the person’s mouth and throat: If you do not hear any breath sounds, check his/her mouth for any obstructions. If there is something obstructing the airway, use your index and middle finger to clear the airway.
Perform life saving techniques:
If there is no pulse, start CPR or EAR. Keep the person’s neck straight to start EAR (External Air Resuscitation) or CPR (Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation). There are 3 types of EAR; Mouth-to-mouth, Mouth-to-Nose, Mouth-to-Mask.
For more information on CPR, Click Here Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation[CPR] – Can Save Life in Emergency
Cope up with Adverse Conditions:
If there is bleeding from the mouth or the patient is vomiting, turn the person to his/her side. This will avoid any chances of the person choking.
Place the person’s arm that is under him straight out and the arm closest to you across his chest.
Deal with open wounds: If there are extensive wounds, try to control the bleeding using pressure to the area using a cloth. Press down with your palms rather than your finger tips. You can tie up with a cloth also.
Always suspect spinal injuries: If the person’s neck is in an awkward position (not normally placed) or the person is unconscious, do not move the patient. Get help immediately. This could mean that the person’s neck is broken, and moving him/her in such a situation can cause more harm than good.
Check For signs of Shock:
Pale Face and Calm Extremities points towards Shock
Keep the person warm: Usually accident victims feel excessively cold due to shock. Therefore keeping them warm is essential to survival. You can use whatever you have to do this, such as a T-shirt, jacket, etc.
Check for Any Fracture:
In Case of Any suspected fracture , Check for the Pulse on the Distal Joint, Usually Pulse is Absent in case of Fracture.
Do Not Move the Fractured Part Significantly, it can cause further damage
Give the Fractured site Support of something Like folded Newspaper, Umbrella, Wooden plank, Bamboo stick,Rigid cardboard, Pillow available at the emergency site- This will help the Fractured fragment from Displacing and will Provide it Support
Avoid feeding the person:
Do not give the person any water, food or other fluids through the mouth, it could lead to the patient choking.
Step 9 :
Take care while Shifting the Patient to Hospital:
The patient should be transported on a stretcher or a stiff board. This is important as reducing the amount of movement the person experiences is essential to avoid his/her injuries from becoming worse.
Keep the person’s neck and back straight. You could place a rolled up towel or thick cloth under the neck for better support.
Ensure that the person is lying down flat.
If there is only a limb injury, the patient can be transported in a sitting position.
In case of a bleeding injury, lift the injured part above the person’s body level and apply pressure on the region. Keep applying pressure till you reach the hospital. This helps control and eventually stop the bleeding.
Make sure the person has a pulse and is breathing on the way to the hospital. If he/she stops breathing, be prepared to start CPR or EAR in the vehicle.