Characteristics of a Healthy Tongue :
- SPIRIT – A healthy tongue is said to have spirit. The color is vibrant and vital and it moves with ease.
- BODILY COLOR – A pale-red or pretty pink color is considered healthy. It’s not too pale or too dark. This shows a healthy flow of blood reaching the tongue.
- BODY SHAPE – The tongue is supple, neither too flabby or too stiff. It has no cracks, does not tremble and is neither swollen nor thin.
- COATING – If there is a coating it’s thin and white. The coating will be a little bit thicker towards the root of the tongue.
- MOISTURE – The tongue is slightly moist, neither too dry nor too wet.
- SUBLINGUAL VEINS – The veins underneath the tongue are not distended, they are either barely visible or not at all. Their color is light and not a dark-blue or purple.
Characteristics of a Tongue With Disturbances :
If the tongue or mucous membranes – the membranes containing large numbers of goblet-shaped cells that line the mouth – appear pale this could mean that your blood is lacking in haemoglobin – the iron-containing protein found in red blood cells.
This will often result in tiredness and lethargy. Eat a well-balanced diet containing plenty of iron found in lean meat, especially liver.
Bright red –
A red inflammed tongue indicates lack of certain nutrients, especially iron and B vitamins. Iron, found in red meat, shell fish, nuts and apricots, is essential for the formation of red blood cells and necessary for energy and vitality.
B vitamins are needed for energy metabolism, cell growth and the proper functioning of the nervous system. Lean meat, shellfish, nuts and dried apricots are all rich sources of vitamin B.
This could mean you are suffering from high cholesterol which could result in heart problems. A purple tongue could also indicate chronic bronchitis which cuts down the efficiency of the airwaves in bringing oxygen to the bloodstream. If your tongue continues to be purple, seek medical advice.
Raised red spots –
A strawberry-like patch on the tip of the tongue is often caused by hot drinks. However, a red tongue tip combined with bleeding gums could show a lack of bio flavonoids – a biologically active compound found in vitamin C that help strengthen the tiny blood capillaries in the skin and prevent unattractive broken veins.
Make sure your drinks aren’t too hot! Add plenty of citrus fruits, peppers, kiwi fruits and berries to your diet.
Dryness of the tongue is often caused by swelling of the salivary glands – the fleshy bulgy sacs under the tongue where saliva is produced. This is often caused by stress. Regulate stress by relaxation routines such as breathing or yoga.
Also, stimulate the flow of saliva and flush out the salivary ducts by drinking cider vinegar and lemon diluted in a glass of water. Persistant dryness could be caused by Sjorgren’s syndrome – an immunological disorder. If your tongue is persistantly dry seek medical advice.
White coating –
A thin coating on the tongue is healthy and normal. A heavy white plaque however could indicate candidasis or oral thrush – a fungus infection of warm, moist areas of the body. This could be caused by an over-use of chemical mouthwash or taking too many antibiotics. Oral thrush can impair taste buds and cause bad breath.
To clean the tongue use a natural mouthwash twice a day. Mix cider vinegar with two cloves of garlic, one teaspoon of dried sage and one table spoon of honey poured into one pint of boiling water. Store in the fridge and use within three days.
If u notice such kind of changes in your tongue please consult your doctor.